Version: v0.7.0 - Beta.  We welcome contributors & feedback.

Lists

A List is a variable that can hold zero or more values in a sequential order.

Each item, or element, is separated by a comma.

// A list of strings
$letters = ['a', 'b', 'c']

// A list of numbers
$evenNumbers = [2, 4, 6, 8, 10]

// Multi-line format
$countries = [
    'Turkey',
    'Tanzania',
    'Tonga',
]

// Each item can be an expression
$nums = [1 + 9, 2 + 8]

List Elements 

You can access elements of a list by the index number of its position.

Unlike PHP, indexes start at 1 and count up.

For example:

$colors = ['red', 'green', 'blue', 'orange']

index   value
-----   -----
  1     red
  2     green
  3     blue
  4     orange

You can access elements by putting the index in brackets, e.g. $myList[3].

$colors = ['red', 'orange', 'green', 'blue']

$colors[1]  //= 'red'
$colors[2]  //= 'orange'

// Negative indexes start counting from the end
$colors[-1]  //= 'blue'
$colors[-2]  //= 'green'

// You can modify an index directly
$colors[1] = 'yellow'

print($colors)
//= ['yellow', 'orange', 'green', 'blue']

List Methods 

Here are some common List methods.

$colors = ['red', 'blue', 'green']

$colors.contains('blue')
//= true

$colors.length()
//= 3

$colors.sort()
['blue', 'green', 'red']

$colors.join(', ')
//= 'red, blue, green'

See the List class for all other methods.

Adding/Removing Items 

The methods push and pop will add and remove items at end of the List, treating it as a stack.

(The names 'push' and 'pop' come from the analogy of a spring-loaded stack of plates in a cafeteria.)

$colors = ['red', 'blue']

// Add an item to the end
$colors.push('yellow')
//= ['red', 'blue', 'yellow']

// Remove item from the end and return it
$colors.pop()
//= 'yellow'

print($colors)
//= ['red', 'blue']

The methods insert and remove let you add and delete items anywhere in the List.

$colors = ['red', 'blue']

// Add item to the 2nd slot
$colors.insert('orange', 2)
//= ['red', 'orange', 'blue']

// Remove item from beginning
$colors.remove(1)
//= 'red'

print($colors)
//= ['orange', 'blue']

Push Operator #= 

Because pushing items onto lists is a very common task, THT provides a shortcut.

$list = ['red', 'blue']

$list #= 'yellow'

print($list)
//= ['red', 'blue', 'yellow']